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Forms of learning at university.

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Forms of learning at university.

Reading a lot and not understanding is like eating a lot and not digesting well. German proverb Form is the nature of the orientation of activity. The form is based on the leading method. Forms can be concrete (a lesson, homework, elective lessons, consultations, additional classes, control of knowledge, etc.) and general forms.

The lesson is a collective form of training which is characterized by of students, a rigid framework of classes, regulation of educational work on the same educational material for all. Analysis of the lessons in schools shows that their Analysis of the lessons at schools shows that their structure and methods depend to a large extent on buy assignments and then on didactic goals and objectives to be solved in the learning process, as well as on those The analysis of lessons in schools shows that their structure and methodology largely depends on the didactic goals and objectives of the teaching process and the resources available to the teacher. All of this allows us to talk about the methodological diversity of lessons, which, However, they can be classified by type: - lessons-lectures (practically it is a monologue of the teacher on a given topic, although with a certain skill of the teacher such a conversation);

  • Laboratory (practical) lessons (these kinds of lessons usually focus on practicing skills);
  • - testing and evaluation lessons (quizzes, tests);
  • - combined lessons are carried out according to any of the schemes: review of what has been learned
  • - a review by students of what has been review of previous lessons, homework revision, and oral and written quizzes Repetition of the previous lessons
  • - review of homework;
  • oral and written questioning;
  • - acquisition of new material;
  • at this stage the new material is presented by the teacher or is acquired through students' independent work with literature;
  • - practicing of skills and abilities of application of knowledge in practice (most often - solving problems on the new material); - issuing homework. In the magazine's article "Analysis of the Methodological Work of Secondary General Education School" offers the following classification of forms of organizing study sessions (Fig. 6, 7). It is not necessary, however, to limit ourselves only to non-traditional forms indicated in the diagram. The teacher's talent will always correctly prompt the form of pedagogical communication.

  • This form justifies itself in a usual comprehensive school in the classes of economics, technology, ecology (the mottos of the sermon: "Be Thrifty! be thrifty!", "Be a master of the Earth!"). It is thought that over time this list will increase significantly. Optional classes as a form of education were introduced in the late and early during another unsuccessful attempt to reform school education. These classes are intended to give a deeper study of the subject to all who wish, although in practice they are very often are very often used to work with students who are falling behind. Homework is a form of instructional organization

    Why the teacher's explanation of the material should be seen as a very important, yet the initial stage of the lear
    Methods of independent work of students on comprehension and assimilation of new material
    How to properly repeat previously learned material
    Why are written exercises used to reinforce knowledge
    Classes with learning machines, with simulator machines, and tutors