While many studies on cannabis have shown promising results on efficacy, much of the presumed knowledge that people have about marijuana is based on rumors. Take the terms Indica and Sativa as an example. How much do you really know why one cannabis strain becomes an indica and another cannabis strain becomes a sativa?
Some information about the distinction is clear. However, other information is not very convincing. Here's what you need to know about Indica vs Sativa.
The general perception is that Sativa strains primarily provide brain height and Indica strains primarily provide body height. The literal difference between the two is the classification-Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica are two variants of the genus Cannabis.
Cannabis sativa grows naturally in warm climates near the equator in regions such as East Asia, while Cannabis indica grows naturally in cold climates. These differences in climate give the strains their distinct appearance, but do they also bring contrasting heights?
Despite common belief, the effects that cannabis has on you can probably be attributed to the compounds found in cannabis plants, cannabinoids and terpenes, as opposed to strains. Also, some cannabinoids and terpenes are more commonly found in "Indica" or "Sativa", but only those that are consistent enough to say that Indica and Sativa produce certain effects. Not seen.
Part of this is due to the intersection of Indica and Sativa. These are commonly known as "hybrid", but as a result, even many strains of Indica and Sativa have hybrid characteristics.
Understanding cannabinoids and terpenes is essential to understanding what cannabis does. Cannabinoids play a major role in the effects of cannabis by interacting with the human body's intrinsic cannabinoid system. There are hundreds of cannabinoids in marijuana plants, but the two most well-known are THC and CBD. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is known for its high psychoactive effects associated with marijuana. Formally called cannabidiol, CBD has many anxiety and pain-relieving effects that promote support for medical marijuana.
Terpenes, on the other hand, are known to give marijuana a variety of unique scents. Some terpenes give off a floral scent, others give off a fruity, citrus scent, and others give off a pine scent (terpenes are suitable as they are also found in other plants and fruits.). These terpenes do a lot to determine the type of marijuana you're dealing with, but certainly most studies out there, like cannabinoids, can also play a role in the effects of cannabis. There is sex.